Prawo Naturalne

Etyka argumentacyjna Hoppego

In a dazzling breakthrough for political philosophy in general and for libertarianism in particular, he has managed to transcend the famous is/ought, fact/value dichotomy that has plagued philosophy since the days of the scholastics, and that had brought modern libertarianism into a tiresome deadlock. Not only that: Hans Hoppe has managed to establish the case for anarcho-capitalist-Lockean rights in an unprecedentedly hard-core manner, one that makes my own natural law/natural rights position seem almost wimpy in comparison.

Dla kogo

Według Rothbarda prawa naturalne przysługują neandertalczykom

„Prawo” do samoposiadania, prawo do ochrony swojego życia i własności są prawami, które w sposób oczywisty spełniają te kryteria. W jednakowym stopniu przysługują neandertalczykowi z jaskini, współczesnemu mieszkańcowi Kalkuty i obywatelowi dzisiejszych Stanów Zjednoczonych. [1]

Cytaty

That which has no existence cannot be destroyed — that which cannot be destroyed cannot require anything to preserve it from destruction. Natural rights is simple nonsense: natural and imprescriptible rights, rhetorical nonsense — nonsense upon stilts. But this rhetorical nonsense ends in the old strain of mischievous nonsense for immediately a list of these pretended natural rights is given, and those are so expressed as to present to view legal rights. And of these rights, whatever they are, there is not, it seems, any one of which any government can, upon any occasion whatever, abrogate the smallest particle. [2]

As we discussed earlier, in terms of rationalist political theorists in general, [Rothbard] has engaged in what O’Neill calls idealization: he has taken a valid concern in political reflection, that of property rights, and treated it asif it werethe only validconcern, dismissing,for instance, the principle that the powerful ought not to be allowed to abuse the weak. Perhaps his view was that the infant, if it really wanted to live, ought to go get a job. [3]

Bibliography
1. O nową wolność. Manifest libertariański (For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto), Fundacja Odpowiedzialność Obywatelsk
2. Jeremy Bentham, Anarchical Fallacies; Being an Examination of the Declaration of Rights Issued during the French Revolution (1792);
3. Gene Callahan, Liberty versus libertarianism
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